British multinational oil and gas company BP is abandoning its 19.75 per cent stake in Russian oil giant Rosneft after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in an abrupt and costly end to three often fraught decades of operating in the oil-rich country.
Rosneft accounts for around half of BP’s oil and gas reserves and a third of its production and divesting the stake will result in charges of up to $A35 billion, the British oil and gas giant said on Sunday, without saying how it plans to extricate itself.
“I have been deeply shocked and saddened by the situation unfolding in Ukraine and my heart goes out to everyone affected. It has caused us to fundamentally rethink BP’s position with Rosneft,” BP Chief Executive Bernard Looney said.
The rapid retreat represents the boldest step yet by a Western oil company with operations in Russia, including France’s TotalEnergies, amid an escalating crisis between the West and Moscow.
British Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng, who on Friday expressed “concern” over BP’s stake in Rosneft in a call with Looney, welcomed the decision.
“Russia’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine must be a wake up call for British businesses with commercial interests in Putin’s Russia,” he said on Twitter.
Earlier, President Vladimir Putin put Russia’s nuclear deterrent on high alert in the face of Western reprisals for his invasion of Ukraine, which included blocking access to the SWIFT international payment system for some Russian banks.
And Norway’s $US1.3 trillion ($A1.8 trillion) sovereign wealth fund, the world’s largest, will divest its Russian assets following the invasion of Ukraine, its prime minister said.
BP said its move and financial hit will not impact its short and long term financial targets within its strategy to shift away from oil and gas to low-carbon fuels and renewables energy.
Looney and his predecessor as CEO Bob Dudley will both step down from the board of Rosneft, which BP acquired a shareholding in as part of its $US12.5 billion ($A17.3 billion) TNK-BP stake sale in 2013.
BP held a board meeting on Friday and another on Sunday where the decision to quit Rosneft, as well as two other joint ventures BP has with Rosneft in Russia, was taken, a spokesperson for the company said.
It will take an $US11 billion ($A15 billion) foreign exchange non-cash charge after the exit from Rosneft, which BP will no longer include in its accounts. BP said it also expects a second non-cash charge of up to $US14 billion ($A19 billion), for the “carrying value” of Rosneft.
BP received revenue from Rosneft in the form of dividends which totalled around $US640 million ($A885 million) in 2021, roughly three per cent of its overall cash flow from operations.
The company currently has around 200 employees in Russia, most of whom are local staff, the BP spokesperson said.
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