Joe Biden has announced new rules that will see as many as half of all cars sold in America run on electricity by 2030.

The US President on Wednesday moved to adopt strict European-style tailpipe emission rules. The finalised regulations will require manufacturers to drastically cut the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted from cars and trucks from 2027 through to 2032.

The rules will trigger a seismic shift in the US, a country dominated by cars and one where the price of gas is used as a barometer for household finances.

Battery EVs currently make up less than 8pc of sales, while plug-in hybrids represent just 2pc.

The President last year announced an ambition of electric vehicle (EV) sales reaching 50pc of all purchases by 2030.

However, the finalised targets have been softened after a backlash from unions and carmakers.

The changes unveiled by the President on Wednesday are “technology-neutral”, meaning emissions can be reduced through a combination of both higher EV and plug-in hybrid sales. The pace at which manufacturers must shift has also been softened in the run up to 2030.

John Bozzella, president of the Alliance for Automotive Innovation, said: “These adjusted EV targets – still a stretch goal – should give the market and supply chains a chance to catch up.

“It buys some time for more public charging to come online and the industrial incentives and policies of the Inflation Reduction Act to do their thing.”

Alongside the emission goals, the Biden administration has also overseen the passage of the $369bn (£290bn) Inflation Reduction Act in Congress, which is pouring hundreds of billions of dollars into green energy technologies.

Michael Regan, administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency, said the new regulations amounted to “the strongest-ever vehicle pollution standards in United States history”.

He said: “The new standards will ensure pollution-emitting vehicles are cleaner while allowing companies to decide how to meet these standards sustainably and most effectively.”

Lack of charging infrastructure impacts EV appeal

Number of electric cars per public outlet

The proposed rules will likely force car companies to rapidly boost sales of battery EVs within the next few years, given that alternative technologies such as hydrogen fuel cells have yet to gain traction.

That has prompted opponents – including Republican presidential challenger Donald Trump – to cast the proposals as a de facto EV mandate.

The American Petroleum Institute and American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers said in a statement: “The Biden administration has finalised a regulation that will unequivocally eliminate most new gas cars and traditional hybrids from the US market in less than a decade.”

Although the US regulations are less stringent, the new rules are comparable to regimes imposed in Europe and the UK.

Britain has said 80pc of new cars sold must be electric by 2030, rising to 100pc in 2035. The European Union has said cars must emit 55pc less carbon dioxide by 2030 and no carbon dioxide by 2035.

 

Extracted in full from: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2024/03/20/joe-biden-crackdown-us-petrol-cars-electric-vehicles-evs/

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